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Latest National Park in India 2024: Exploring Biodiversity

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Introduction:

Forever capturing the hearts of environment lovers and animal enthusiasts has been India, a magnificent tapestry of varied landscapes and amazing natural beauty. Our country’s unflinching dedication to protecting its natural riches only becomes stronger as the sands of time continue to flow. This admirable endeavor has resulted in the creation of new national parks that serve as monuments to our abundant biodiversity and serve as sanctuaries for our amazing animals. A heartwarming achievement occurred in 2023 and 2024 when India proudly welcomed two more safe havens to its list. The Latest National Park in India 2024’s crown gem is quite noteworthy. These new refuges have sparked the interests of passionate environmentalists and daring explorers, enticing them to investigate the treasures within.

Join me as we embark on a captivating journey into India’s latest national park. Together, we’ll uncover the inspiring tales that birthed its existence, unravel the enigmatic ecosystems it safeguards, and grasp its profound importance to our beloved nation. Let’s now dive into the intricacies that set apart India’s newest gem. This park gracefully enhances our country’s array of cherished natural havens, contributing to the tapestry of safeguarded landscapes.

The Newest Addition: Unveiling the 107th National Park

India has made a historic announcement by introducing its 107th National Park, the newest national park in India. This marks a significant achievement in the nation’s determination to protect its diverse range of wildlife. The latest added national park in India stands as a testament to the country’s relentless efforts to safeguard its diverse flora and fauna. Situated in the breathtaking landscapes of India, this park offers a beautiful mix of habitats, including verdant forests and winding rivers. This place provides a secure refuge for different types of animals, whether they are indigenous or migrating. With this addition, the total number of National Parks in India in 2024 reaches an impressive count. Moreover, this 107th National Park also stands as the largest National Park in India, showcasing the nation’s commitment to preserving its natural treasures.

The newest national park in India, officially designated as the 107th National Park in India, has seamlessly woven itself into the country’s network of protected areas. This remarkable addition not only solidifies India’s global leadership in conservation but also embellishes the already vibrant tapestry of its diverse biodiversity. This monumental step eloquently reflects India’s unwavering commitment to preserving its rich natural heritage. As the largest national park in India, it proudly contributes to the ever-expanding roster of such sanctuaries. With this latest addition, the total number of national parks in India in the year 2024 reaches a noteworthy figure.

Definition of a National Park in India

According to the definition by the Indian Ministry of Environment & Forests, a National Park in India is a designated area. The significance of an area is of utmost importance if it has ecological, faunal, floral, geomorphological, or zoological value. Moreover, this is relevant regardless of whether it’s inside a sanctuary or not. The state government has the authority to designate an area as a National Park. This aims to conserve, nurture, and advance its wildlife and encompassing environment.

  1. Purpose and Protection: The primary goal of a national park is to safeguard the delicate balance of nature. It serves as a sanctuary for various plant and animal species, each contributing to the area’s ecological health.
  2. Restricted Human Activity: Within a national park, human activities are kept to a minimum to maintain the natural ecosystem. Only activities approved by the Chief Wildlife Warden in accordance with Chapter IV of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 are legal. This ensures that the park remains untouched by human interference, fostering an environment where wildlife can thrive undisturbed.

India’s national park is evidence of its commitment to protecting natural resources for future generations to enjoy. By establishing these protected areas, India aims to strike a harmonious chord between the needs of its wildlife and the interests of humanity. This allows both to coexist in an environment of ecological equilibrium.

Overview: India’s National Parks – Guardians of Biodiversity

India’s large number of National Parks shows how serious it is about protecting its rich natural history. All of these parks are protected by the IUCN at level II. In 1936, India’s first National Park, Jim Corbett National Park, was set up in Uttarakhand. This was the start of the trip. Since then, the country has done a lot to protect its different environments and animals.

  1. Evolution of Protection: From a mere five national parks in 1970, India’s conservation efforts gained momentum with the enactment of the Wildlife Protection Act in 1972 and Project Tiger in 1973. The nation now has 106 national parks, demonstrating its dedication to habitat protection.
  2. Biodiversity Havens: Spanning over 44,000 square kilometers (1.35% of India’s land area), these parks provide refuge to a remarkable array of plant and animal species. The National Wildlife Database reports 106 existing national parks, each contributing to the tapestry of biodiversity.
  3. Expanding Safeguard: The conservation drive continues with proposals for an additional 75 national parks, covering around 16,000 square kilometers. Once realized, the network will comprise a total of 176 parks, creating a formidable force for ecological protection.
  4. Diverse Landscapes: India’s national parks cover a wide range of landscapes, from the huge Hemis National Park, which is over 4,400 square kilometers, to the small South Button Island National Park, which is only 5.19 square kilometers. They provide homes for a huge number of species.

India’s national parks stand as guardians of the nation’s ecological heritage, serving as compelling reasons to visit India. They are a testament to the country’s dedication to preserving nature’s wonders for future generations. As these protected areas expand and flourish, they ensure a harmonious coexistence between humanity and the natural world, offering unique and awe-inspiring experiences to those who venture to explore them.

How Many National Parks are there in India?

As of the most recent available data, there are 106 national parks in India. These national parks are spread across various Different areas within the country. The various animals and ecosystems of India depend on each and every person to be preserved and protected.

List of National Parks Categorized by State with Respective Number of Parks

State/Union TerritoryNumber of National Parks
Jammu and Kashmir4
Ladakh1
Andaman and Nicobar Islands9
Madhya Pradesh11
Andhra Pradesh3
Karnataka5
Bihar1
Kerala6
Goa1
Gujarat4
Haryana2
Himachal Pradesh5
Mizoram2
Jharkhand1
Tamil Nadu5
Sikkim1
Chhattisgarh3
Arunachal Pradesh2
Maharashtra6
Manipur2
Assam7
Tripura2
Nagaland1
Odisha2
Rajasthan5
Meghalaya2
West Bengal6
Telangana1
Uttar Pradesh1
Uttarakhand6
Total106
Comprehensive List of National Parks, Categorized by State, Along with the Respective Number of Parks

Which is the latest National Park of India for 2024?

Presenting the most recent addition to India’s natural heritage: the Latest National Park of India 2024, a haven of biodiversity and ecological wonder, poised for discovery and safeguarding. Let us know which are those National Parks, we have listed some here:

The Newest National Park in India 2024: Raimona National Park

Raimona National Park
By Nayan j Nath – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0

According to the latest database, India will welcome a new addition to its prestigious list of National Parks in 2024: the Raimona National Park. This important addition shows how far the country has come in protecting its environmental treasures. Additionally, there is an ongoing consideration for upgrading the Dehing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary to the esteemed status of a national park.

Raimona National Park: A Jewel in Assam’s Crown

Raimona National Park
By Nayan j Nath – Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0

Situated as the 6th national park in the state of Assam, Raimona National Park holds a strategic location within the western buffer of Manas National Park. The Pekua River, which forms a natural boundary and enhances the park’s splendor, graces it with its gentle flow.

Marine National Parks: Protecting Underwater Wonders

Marine National Park
Marine National Parks

India cares about saving more than just its own land. There are six marine national parks in the country that protect the beautiful variety of life that lives under the water.

Past Additions and Notable Locations – Omkareshwar National Park

In 2013, the Omkareshwar National Park in Madhya Pradesh earned its rightful place on the list of national parks. The state’s commitment to ecological protection was shown by this.
Madhya Pradesh boasts the highest count of national parks in India, totaling an impressive 11. Its leadership in preserving the nation’s natural heritage is shown by this.

As India adds more national parks, more animals and plants are being saved. These parks provide secure habitats for creatures, preserve distinctive landscapes, and encourage people to live in harmony with nature. India's dedication to these goals is shown by the fact that Rajamoni National Park is included.

List of national parks located in India

S.No.State (number of NPs)National ParksYear EstablishedArea (km2)
1Andhra Pradesh (3)Papikonda National Park20081013
Rajiv Gandhi National Park (Rameswaram)20052.4
Sri Venkateswara National Park1989353.6
2Arunachal Pradesh (2)Mouling National Park1986483
Namdapha National Park19831808
3Assam (7)Dibru-Saikhowa National Park1999340
Dehing Patkai National Park2021234
Raimona National Park2021422
Kaziranga National Park1974859
Manas National Park1990500
Nameri National Park1998200
Orang National Park199978.81
4Bihar (1)Valmiki National Park1989335.65
5Chhattisgarh (3)Guru Ghasidas National Park19811440.7
Indravati National Park19821258.4
Kanger Ghati National Park1982200
6Goa (1)Mollem National Park1992107
7Gujarat (4)Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar197634.53
Gir Forest National Park1975258.71
Marine National Park, Gulf of Kutch1982162.89
Vansda National Park197923.99
8Haryana (2)Kalesar National Park200346.82
Sultanpur National Park19591.43
9Himachal Pradesh (5)Great Himalayan National Park1984754.4
Inderkilla National Park2010104
Khirganga National Park2010710
Pin Valley National Park1987675
Simbalbara National Park201027.88
10Jharkhand (1)Betla National Park1986226.33
11Karnataka (5)Anshi National Park1987417.34
Bandipur National Park1974874.2
Bannerghatta National Park1974260.51
Kudremukh National Park1987600.32
Nagarhole National Park1988643.39
12Kerala (6)Anamudi Shola National Park20037.5
Eravikulam National Park197897
Mathikettan Shola National Park200312.82
Pambadum Shola National Park20031.318
Periyar National Park1982350
Silent Valley National Park198489.52
13Madhya Pradesh (11)Bandhavgarh National Park1968448.85
Omkareshwar National Park2013646
Kanha National Park1955940
Kuno National Park1981748.8
Madhav National Park1959375.22
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park19830.27
Panna National Park1981542.67
Pench National Park1975292.85
Sanjay National Park1981466.88
Satpura National Park1981585.17
Van Vihar National Park19794.45
14Maharashtra (6)Chandoli National Park2004317.67
Gugamal National Park1974361.28
Navegaon National Park1975133.88
Sanjay Gandhi National Park199686.96
Tadoba National Park1955116.55
Pench (Jawaharlal Nehru) National Park1975257.26
15Manipur (1)Keibul Lamjao National Park197740
Sirohi National Park198241
16Meghalaya (2)Balphakram National Park1985220
Nokrek National Park198647.48
17Mizoram (2)Murlen National Park1991100
Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park199250
18Nagaland (1)Ntangki National Park1993202.02
19Odisha (2)Bhitarkanika National Park1988145
Simlipal National Park1980845.7
20Rajasthan (5)Desert National Park19923162
Keoladeo National Park198128.73
Mukundra Hills National Park2006200.54
Ranthambore National Park1980282
Sariska Tiger Reserve1992273.8
21Sikkim (1)Khangchendzonga National Park19771784
22Tamil Nadu (5)Guindy National Park19762.82
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park19806.23
Indira Gandhi Sanctuary and National Park1989117.1
Mudumalai National Park1990103.23
Mukurthi National Park199078.46
23Telangana (3)Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park19941.43
Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park199414.59
Mrugavani National Park19943.6
24Tripura (2)Bison (Rajbari) National Park200731.63
Clouded Leopard National Park20075.08
25Uttar Pradesh (1)Dudhwa National Park1977490
26Uttarakhand (6)Gangotri National Park19892390.02
Govind Pashu Vihar National Park1990472.08
Jim Corbett National Park1936520.82
Nanda Devi National Park1982624.6
Rajaji National Park1983820
Valley of Flowers National Park198287.5
27West Bengal (6)Buxa Tiger Reserve1992117.1
Gorumara National Park199279.45
Jaldapara National Park2014216.51
Neora Valley National Park1986159.89
Singalila National Park198678.6
Sundarbans National Park19841330.1
28Andaman & Nicobar Islands (9)Campbell Bay National Park1992426.23
Galathea National Park1992110
Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park1983281.5
Middle Button Island National Park19870.44
Mount Harriet National Park198746.62
North Button Island National Park19870.44
Rani Jhansi Marine National Park1996256.14
Saddle Peak National Park198732.54
South Button Island National Park19870.03
29Jammu & Kashmir (4)Dachigam National Park1981141
Kishtwar National Park1981425
Kazinag National Park1992228.5
Salim Ali National Park19869.07
30Ladakh (1)Hemis National Park19813350
Comprehensive List of National Parks in India

Latest National Park in India 2024 Map With States

National Park in India Map 2023
National Park in India Map 2024

Top 10 National Parks in India

Explore India’s incredible biodiversity and natural beauty at the Top 10 National Parks in India. From the beautiful Himalayas to the thick forests of the western hills, these parks highlight how the country’s environments are different and how much wildlife is there. Here are the 10 most beautiful and diverse places in India:

1. Jim Corbett National Park:

Jim Corbett National Park
Explore Jim Corbett National Park: Tigers, Flora, Fauna, Bliss

The Jim Corbett National Park in India is a majestic wildlife sanctuary, serving as the home to tigers, diverse flora and fauna, and attracting nature enthusiasts from around the world.

  • Established: 1936
  • Location: Uttarakhand
  • History: Named after Jim Corbett, a renowned conservationist, and author, India’s oldest national park is aimed at protecting Bengal tigers. 
  • Geography: Encompasses hills, grasslands, and the Ramganga River. 
  • Climate: Subtropical, with hot summers and cool winters.
  • Flora and Fauna: Tigers, leopards, elephants, and various deer species Rich birdlife, including eagles and vultures.
  • Eco-tourism: Offers jeep safaris, elephant rides, birdwatching, and wildlife photography.
  • Area: Approx. 1,318 km²
  • Best time to Visit: Explore Jim Corbett National Park from December to March for cooler temperatures and optimal wildlife viewing. Spot the magnificent Royal Bengal Tiger, especially in the mornings.

Overview:

India is dedicated to protecting its rich natural history, which is shown by its large network of IUCN protection level II national parks. The journey began in 1936 with the establishment of Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand. This marked India’s dedicated efforts to safeguard diverse ecosystems and wildlife.

  1. Steady Evolution of Protection: The pivotal Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 and the launch of Project Tiger in 1973 solidified conservation efforts.
  2. Biodiversity Havens: Spanning 44,000 sq km, India’s 106 national parks offer refuge to a remarkable array of flora and fauna.
  3. Expanding Safeguard: Plans for 75 more parks across 16,000 sq km showcase India’s commitment to ecological preservation.
  4. Diverse Landscapes: From expansive Hemis National Park (4,400 sq km) to petite South Button Island National Park (5.19 sq km), each park nurtures diverse habitats.

These national parks stand as guardians of India’s ecological heritage, a testament to the country’s dedication to preserving nature’s wonders for future generations. As these protected areas flourish, they ensure harmonious coexistence between humanity and the natural world. 

How to Reach Jim Corbett National Park:

To reach Jim Corbett National Park in Uttarakhand, India:

  • By Air: Fly to Pantnagar Airport (85 km away) or Delhi’s Indira Gandhi International Airport (260 km away). Then, take a taxi or bus.
  • By Train: Arrive at Ramnagar Railway Station (15 km away) from cities like Delhi and Lucknow. Take a taxi or bus to the park.
  • By Road: Drive from nearby cities or take buses and taxis.

Accommodation:

Choose from various options:

  • Luxury: Try Aahana Resort, Namah Resort, or Jim’s Jungle Retreat for upscale amenities and guided tours.
  • Forest Rest Houses and Cottages: Rustic stay inside the park. Book ahead.
  • Budget and Mid-Range: Affordable hotels in Ramnagar and Dhikuli.
  • Camping and Eco-Lodges: Connect closely with nature.

Remember to book in advance, especially during peak seasons, to ensure a smooth stay at Jim Corbett National Park.

2. Kaziranga National Park:

Kaziranga National Park
Captivating Kaziranga National Park: A Haven for Wildlife Enthusiasts

The Kaziranga National Park in India is a UNESCO World Heritage Site renowned for rhino conservation, lush landscapes, and diverse wildlife.

  • Established: 1905
  • Location: Assam
  • History: Originally established as a reserve to protect one-horned rhinoceros,
  • Geography: Floodplains, tall elephant grass, and marshland
  • Climate: Tropical monsoon with high rainfall.
  • Flora and Fauna: Indian rhinoceros, tigers, elephants, and wild water buffalo Rich bird diversity.
  • Eco-tourism: Elephant and jeep safaris, birdwatching, river cruises
  • Area: Approx. 1,090 km²
  • Best time to Visit: From November to March, experience ideal weather and wildlife viewing at Kaziranga. Monsoon flooding prompts closure from May to September.

Century of Conservation: Kaziranga National Park

For those who love animals, Kaziranga National Park in Assam, India, is a paradise. It’s a UNESCO World Heritage Site renowned for its remarkable conservation efforts. Here’s a hint as to its importance:

  1. Largest Rhino Population in the World: Kaziranga is crucial to the preservation of rhinos since it is home to an astounding two-thirds of the world’s population of Indian rhinoceroses.
  2. Biodiversity Hotspot: This park, declared a Tiger Reserve in 2006, is a thriving ecosystem harboring diverse species, including elephants, wild water buffalo, and swamp deer.
  3. Avian Abode: Kaziranga, recognized by BirdLife International as an Important Bird Area, diligently protects various avifaunal species.
  4. Remarkable Conservation Success: Amid lush landscapes and four rivers, Kaziranga triumphs in wildlife preservation, highlighting effective strategies’ positive impact.
  5. Challenges and Controversies: Despite its accomplishments, the park has faced scrutiny over its conservation methods. A BBC documentary raised questions about its approach, resulting in a debate over the shoot-at-sight policy and broader conservation practices.
  6. A Century of Conservation: Celebrating its centennial in 2005, Kaziranga’s legacy traces back to its establishment as a reserve forest in 1905.

Kaziranga National Park stands as an emblem of nature’s resilience, boasting rich biodiversity and dedicated species safeguarding. The continual effort to strike a balance between conservation and peaceful cohabitation of humans is shown by this.

3. Ranthambore National Park:

Ranthambore National Park
Explore the Wonders of Ranthambore National Park

Ranthambore National Park is a renowned Indian wildlife sanctuary, famous for its majestic tigers and diverse flora and fauna. A haven for nature enthusiasts and photographers.

  • Established: 1980
  • Location: Rajasthan
  • History: Originally a hunting ground for Maharajas, it was later declared a wildlife sanctuary.
  • Geography: Rocky terrain, lakes, ancient ruins
  • Climate: Semi-arid with hot summers and cool winters.
  • Flora and Fauna: Bengal tigers, leopards, sloth bears, and various deer species
  • Eco-tourism: Jeep and canter safaris, wildlife photography
  • Area: Approx. 1,334 km²
  • Best time to Visit: Explore Ranthambore National Park’s beauty between October and June, with the ideal period being the comfortable 10℃ to 30℃ winter months from October to March.

Ranthambore: Wildlife and Heritage Harmony

Nestled in the vibrant state of Rajasthan, India, Ranthambore National Park emerges as a captivating haven for wildlife enthusiasts. Here’s a glimpse of its essence:

  1. Royal Wildlife Sanctuary: Originally Sawai Madhopur Game Sanctuary in 1955, the park spans 1,334 km2 with diverse landscapes of forests, meadows, and lakes.
  2. Tiger’s Realm: Ranthambore, a part of Project Tiger since 1973, gained prominence for its tiger conservation efforts. The park’s core area of 275 km2 and a buffer zone collectively safeguard its diverse ecosystem.
  3. Historic Connection: Named after the ancient Ranthambore Fort, this park is steeped in history. The 10th-century fort, perched at 210 m, houses awe-inspiring temples, including the impressive Karauli stone temples.
  4. Flora and Fauna: Ranthambore boasts a rich biodiversity, with 539 species of flowering plants painting the landscape. The park’s arid terrain becomes a refuge for various wildlife species, including the majestic Indian tiger.
  5. Tranquil Waterworld: Amidst this wilderness, Padam Talao stands as the largest lake, embellished by the graceful Jogi Mahal and a colossal Banyan tree.
  6. Aravali Enchantment: The park’s landscapes are a harmonious blend of dense tropical dry forests, rocky terrains, and winding streams. This creates an ecosystem that resonates with the Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forest ecoregion.

Ranthambore National Park captures a harmonious blend of history and nature. It presents a captivating mosaic of wildlife and heritage amidst Rajasthan’s regal charm.

4. Sundarbans National Park:

Sundarbans National Park
The serene beauty of Sundarbans National Park

The distinctive mangrove environment of Bangladesh’s and India’s Sundarbans National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is home to diverse wildlife and serves as a critical tiger habitat.

  • Established: 1984
  • Location: West Bengal and Bangladesh
  • History: UNESCO World Heritage Site renowned for its mangrove forest
  • Geography: A complex network of tidal waterways, mudflats, and islands
  • Climate: Tropical with high humidity.
  • Flora and Fauna: Royal Bengal tiger, saltwater crocodile, spotted deer, diverse birdlife
  • Eco-tourism: Boat safaris, birdwatching, mangrove exploration
  • Area: Approx. 1,330 km² (India’s portion).
  • Best time to Visit: Visit from Sept to March for pleasant winter weather. Summers are hot but manageable for travel.

Discover the Sundarbans National Park, a remarkable sanctuary in West Bengal, India, celebrated for its intricate mangrove forests and diverse wildlife.

  1. Unique Ecosystem: Located on the Ganges Delta, it thrives as a national park, tiger reserve, and biosphere reserve, maintaining a delicate mangrove balance.
  2. Tigers’ Refuge: It is home to the famous Bengal tiger and gives these majestic animals a safe place to live among a maze of waterways and lush vegetation.
  3. Rich Biodiversity: There are many different kinds of birds, snakes, and saltwater crocodiles in the park, making it a living fabric.
  4. Heritage and Recognition: Its journey from tiger reserve to UNESCO World Heritage Site and Ramsar site highlights its enduring commitment to conservation.
  5. Living Biosphere: With roots dating back to the 19th century, it stands as a living testament to the intricate relationship between humanity and nature.
  6. Expansive Delta: Encompassing the Ganges Delta and beyond, it is meandering waterways and mangrove-clad expanses underscore its vital role in biodiversity preservation.

Explore the Sundarbans, where nature’s wonders unfold in a harmonious dance of land, water, and captivating wildlife.

5. Gir Forest National Park:

Sasan Gir
Majestic lions of Gir Forest National Park in their natural habitat

Gir Forest National Park, located in India, is a vital refuge for the endangered Asiatic lion, preserving diverse flora and fauna in its diverse ecosystem.

  • Established: 1965
  • Location: Gujarat
  • History: Established to conserve Asiatic lions
  • Geography: Dry deciduous forests, grasslands
  • Climate: Tropical with hot summers and mild winters.
  • Flora and Fauna: Asiatic lions, leopards, various deer species, and over 300 bird species
  • Eco-tourism: Jeep safaris, lion tracking, birdwatching
  • Area: Approx. 1,410 km²
  • Best time to Visit: Explore Gir National Park’s diverse wildlife in pleasant winter (Dec-Mar) weather. Park is closed Jun 16-Oct 15.

Asiatic Lions and Biodiversity Haven: Gir National Park

Explore the realm of Gir National Park, also known as Sasan Gir, nestled in Gujarat, India, and dedicated to the conservation of the majestic Asiatic lion and diverse wildlife:

  1. Royal Origins: Once a hunting ground for Indian princely states, it transformed into a sanctuary in the 19th century under the Nawab of Junagarh’s initiative, safeguarding the dwindling Asiatic lion population.
  2. Lion’s Stronghold: Recognized as the last abode of the Asiatic lion, Gir National Park boasts a significant lion population, with the 2015 census revealing an impressive increase.
  3. Protected Biodiversity: With an expanse of 1,410.30 km2, including a national park and wildlife sanctuary, it safeguards both lions and other species within the Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forest ecoregion.
  4. Seasonal Cycles: Closed during the monsoon (June to October), the park respects the natural rhythms of its ecosystem, allowing its inhabitants a period of respite.
  5. Conservation Victory: The work of government forest offices, people who care about wildlife, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) has made Gir a sign of successful efforts to protect biodiversity.
  6. Ecological Gem: Revered as a crown jewel of Gujarat’s natural heritage, Gir’s diverse flora and fauna, including the iconic Asiatic lion, underscore its vital role in safeguarding India’s rich wildlife.

Embark on a journey to Gir National Park, where the roar of the Asiatic lion echoes through a tapestry of conservation success and natural beauty.

6. Periyar National Park:

Periyar Tiger Reserve
The tranquil beauty of Periyar National Park

In Kerala, India, Periyar National Park is a safe place for many different kinds of plants and animals. It has green woods, a clear lake, and many different kinds of wildlife, making it a nature lover’s dream.

  • Established: 1982
  • Location: Kerala
  • History: Notable for conservation of tigers and elephants.
  • Geography: Hilly terrain, Periyar Lake.
  • Climate: Tropical with heavy rainfall.
  • Flora and Fauna: Elephants, tigers, gaurs, lion-tailed macaques, and diverse bird species.
  • Eco-tourism: Boat safaris, trekking, birdwatching.
  • Area: Approx. 305 sq km.
  • Best time to Visit: Explore Periyar National Park from September to June, with lush monsoons (September to early October) enhancing its vibrant vegetation.

Periyar National Park: Kerala’s Pristine Wildlife Haven

Discover the natural treasure of Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary, nestled in the picturesque landscapes of Kerala, India:

  1. Protected Wilderness: Spanning across 925 km2, this sanctuary extends over the Idukki and Pathanamthitta districts, encompassing lush forests, pristine rivers, and diverse ecosystems.
  2. Elephant and Tiger Haven: Renowned as an elephant and tiger reserve, Periyar safeguards these magnificent creatures within its rich expanse, contributing to their conservation.
  3. Flora and Fauna Oasis: Periyar is a safe haven for rare, indigenous, and threatened species. This is also house to a wide variety of wildlife and plants.
  4. Ecological Significance: The park holds great ecological importance, serving as a major watershed for two vital rivers in Kerala – the Periyar and the Pamba.
  5. Spectacular Setting: Situated in the Cardamom Hills and Pandalam Hills of the Western Ghats, the sanctuary offers a breathtaking backdrop, fostering a harmonious coexistence of nature and wildlife.
  6. Historical Conservation: The legacy of wildlife protection in the region dates back to 1934, when the Maharaja of Travancore declared the surrounding forests a private reserve, marking the beginnings of its conservation journey.
  7. Legacy of Preservation: Evolving from Nellikkampatty Reserve to a wildlife sanctuary in 1950, Periyar stands as a testament to Kerala’s commitment to safeguarding its natural heritage.

Embark on a journey to Periyar National Park, where the harmony of nature and wildlife thrives, weaving a vibrant tapestry of biodiversity and conservation.

7. Bandhavgarh National Park:

Bandhavgarh National Park
Majestic Royal Bengal Tigers of Bandhavgarh National Park

Bandhavgarh National Park, located in India, boasts rich biodiversity and is renowned for Bengal tigers. Lush forests, ancient ruins, and diverse wildlife make it a captivating eco-tourism destination.

  • Established: 1968
  • Location: Madhya Pradesh
  • History: Historically a hunting ground for Maharajas
  • Geography: Vindhya mountain ranges, mixed forests
  • Climate: Tropical with extreme temperature variations.
  • Flora and Fauna: Bengal tigers, leopards, deer species, and over 250 bird species
  • Eco-tourism: Jeep and elephant safaris, wildlife photography
  • Area: Approx. 1,536 km²
  • Best time to Visit: Explore Bandhavgarh’s attractions from October to March, as temperatures drop to 10 degrees, offering a pleasant and humidity-free environment for an ideal expedition.

8. Hemis National Park:

Hemis High Altitude National Park
The serene beauty of Hemis National Park

Hemis National Park, situated in India’s Ladakh region, is renowned for its diverse wildlife. It houses snow leopards, Himalayan birds, and rare species, all set against the backdrop of stunning Himalayan landscapes.

  • Established: 1981
  • Location: Ladakh, Jammu and Kashmir
  • History: Aimed at protecting the endangered snow leopard
  • Geography: High-altitude desert, rugged mountains
  • Climate: Cold desert with minimal precipitation.
  • Flora and Fauna: Snow leopards, blue sheep, Himalayan wolves, and various bird species
  • Eco-tourism: Snow leopard spotting treks, cultural experiences
  • Area: Approx. 4,400 km²
  • Best time to Visit: Explore Hemis National Park between May and October, and catch the famed Hemis Monastery festival in mid-summer. Avoid post-October visits due to rain-related road closures.

Discover Hemis National Park, Ladakh’s extraordinary high-elevation sanctuary:

  1. Snow Leopard Haven: Home to a thriving population of elusive snow leopards, it boasts one of the world’s highest densities of these predators.
  2. Distinct Location: The park stands as India’s sole national park north of the Himalayas, preserving Ladakh’s rugged beauty.
  3. Conservation Success: It’s India’s largest notified protected area and the second-largest contiguous protected region, after Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve.
  4. Diverse Wildlife: Hemis shelters endangered mammals, with the snow leopard as a flagship species.
  5. Growing Protection: Established in 1981, it expanded to cover 4,400 km2, becoming South Asia’s largest national park.
  6. Varied Ecosystems: Boundaries trace along the Indus River, encompassing catchments and parts of the Zanskar Range.
  7. Unique Context: Hemis is India’s protected area in the Palearctic realm, neighboring Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary.

Explore Hemis National Park’s rugged charm and vital conservation efforts, which make it a Himalayan treasure.

9. Keoladeo National Park:

 Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary
A Vital Global Haven for Bird Breeding and Feeding: Keoladeo National Park

The Keoladeo National Park, located in India, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site famous for its diverse avian population and wetland ecosystem. Rich biodiversity and birdwatching paradise.

  • Established: 1982
  • Location: Rajasthan
  • History: Formerly a duck-hunting ground, it was later designated a national park.
  • Geography: Wetlands, marshes, shallow lakes
  • Climate: tropical, with distinct wet and dry seasons.
  • Flora and Fauna: Over 370 bird species, including migratory birds
  • Eco-tourism: Birdwatching, guided walks, cycle rickshaw rides
  • Area: Approx. 28.73 km².
  • Best time to Visit: Explore Keoladeo National Park year-round. Spot resident birds from August to November, migrants from October to February, and some in March.

Explore the captivating Keoladeo National Park, renowned as an avifauna sanctuary in Bharatpur, Rajasthan.

  1. Birdwatcher’s Paradise: A winter refuge for over 350 bird species, this park transforms into a vibrant avian spectacle during the colder months.
  2. UNESCO Heritage: Designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985 due to its exceptional bird biodiversity and wetland ecosystems,
  3. Varied Habitats: The park’s 29 km2 reserve, known as Ghana, encompasses dry grasslands, woodlands, wetlands, and woodland swamps.
  4. Rich Wildlife: Home to 366 bird species, 379 floral species, various reptiles, amphibians, and invertebrates, it showcases Rajasthan’s vibrant biodiversity.
  5. Historical Legacy: Originally a hunting ground for Maharajas, it was established as a sanctuary in 1971 and later as a national park in 1982.
  6. Conservation Efforts: Once a duck-shooting preserve, the park now safeguards Bharatpur from floods and supports village cattle grazing.
  7. Cultural Significance: Named after the Keoladeo (Shiva) temple within its boundaries, the park’s history dates back 250 years.

Discover Keoladeo National Park’s blend of natural splendor and rich heritage, offering a haven for both wildlife and visitors alike.

10. Bannerghatta National Park:

Bengaluru Bannerghatta Biological Park
Exploring the Wonders of Bannerghatta National Park

Bannerghatta National Park is a diverse wildlife sanctuary near Bangalore, India. It shelters various species, including tigers, lions, and elephants, amidst lush forests and natural beauty.

  • Established: 1970
  • Location: Karnataka
  • History: Originally a zoo, it was later expanded to include a national park.
  • Geography: Hills, forests, scrubland
  • Climate: Tropical with mild winters.
  • Flora and Fauna: Tigers, lions, elephants, and various wildlife species
  • Eco-tourism: Safari rides, butterfly parks, rescue center visits
  • Area: Approx. 260.5 km²
  • Best time to Visit: Visit Bannerghatta National Park between November and June for pleasant weather and optimal wildlife sightings, immersing yourself in nature’s wonders.

Explore the natural wonder of Bannerghatta National Park, nestled near Bangalore, Karnataka:

  1. Heritage and Wilderness: Established in 1970 and declared a national park in 1974, this park is a blend of ancient temples, trekking trails, and diverse wildlife.
  2. Wildlife Diversity: Home to a wide range of wildlife, the park boasts a zoological garden known as Bannerghatta Biological Park.
  3. Cultural and Spiritual: Explore ancient temples within the park, offering a unique blend of nature and worship.
  4. Safari Adventures: Embark on a guided 6-kilometer safari tour through specially designed safari roads, perfect for spotting wildlife and engaging foreign tourists.
  5. Conservation Challenges: The park has faced challenges, with a portion shrinking due to urbanization and agricultural expansion.
  6. Natural Landscape: Located in the Anekal range, the park features hilly terrain, granite sheets, moist deciduous forests, and scrubland.
  7. Wildlife Corridor: Serving as a vital wildlife corridor, the park connects BR Hills and Sathyamangalam Forest, supporting the elephant movement.

Immerse yourself in the beauty and diversity of Bannerghatta National Park, a sanctuary of nature and culture just a short distance from bustling Bangalore.

How Many Types of National Parks Are There in India?

In India, there are several different kinds of national parks that have various environments, and animals. These various types of national parks show the country’s wide range of wildlife and biodiversity. India has the following types of national parks:

  1. Tropical Rainforest National Parks: These parks are located in regions with high rainfall and feature lush tropical rainforests. They include a variety of unusual and endangered species of animals and plants.
  2. Temperate Forest National Parks: Found in regions with moderate climates, these parks showcase temperate forests with a mix of deciduous and evergreen trees. They are home to diverse wildlife.
  3. Alpine and Tundra National Parks: Situated in high-altitude regions, these parks experience extreme cold and house unique alpine flora and fauna adapted to harsh conditions.
  4. Desert National Parks: These parks are located in arid and semi-arid regions and feature desert landscapes and adapted wildlife species, such as desert foxes and various reptiles.
  5. Coastal and Marine National Parks: Situated along coastlines and in marine environments, these parks protect coastal habitats, coral reefs, and aquatic life.
  6. Grassland National Parks: Found in grassland ecosystems, these parks showcase open grasslands with a variety of herbivores and predators.
  7. Wetland National Parks: These parks encompass wetland ecosystems, including marshes, swamps, and lakes, providing habitat for waterbirds and aquatic species.
  8. Mountain National Parks: Located in mountainous regions, these parks encompass diverse elevations and house a mix of flora and fauna adapted to the altitude.
  9. Island National Parks: Found on remote islands, these parks protect unique island ecosystems and endemic species.
  10. Transboundary National Parks: Some parks span international borders, promoting cooperation and conservation efforts between neighboring countries.

India’s various national parks play a crucial role in preserving the country’s natural heritage while promoting ecotourism and environmental awareness.

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Safeguarding India’s National Parks and Wildlife: Government Initiatives

The government of India has taken a lot of steps to protect and preserve important national parks and a wide variety of wildlife in the country. Among these steps are:

  1. Wildlife Protection Act (1972): Prohibits hunting, poaching, and trading of endangered species, establishes protected areas, and enforces penalties for violations.
  2. Project Tiger (1973) and Project Elephant (1992): Focus on conserving tigers and elephants, including habitat preservation, anti-poaching measures, and community engagement.
  3. Eco-sensitive Zones: Buffer areas around parks regulate human activities to minimize negative impacts on ecosystems.
  4. Anti-Poaching Measures: Enhanced patrolling, technology use, and training combat illegal wildlife trade.
  5. Community Involvement: Engages locals in conservation through eco-tourism and livelihood programs.
  6. Biodiversity Conservation: Strategies like NBSAP target species and habitat preservation.
  7. International Collaboration: Agreements like CITES curb illegal wildlife trade.
  8. Research and Education: Continuous monitoring informs conservation strategies, while awareness programs promote public support.

These concerted efforts by the Indian government reflect its commitment to securing the invaluable national parks and precious wildlife that contribute to the nation’s ecological heritage.

Video Credit: OnlyIAS Extended

Conclusion

In the end, India is happy that it introduced its latest national park in 2024, which shows how dedicated it is to protecting wildlife. The nation’s continued efforts to protect its natural legacy for future generations are reflected in this addition. As more people discover this natural area, the park’s environment is protected and public awareness of it is raised. It also makes sure that its beauty and meaning will last for a long time.

FAQs

How many national parks are there in India in 2024?

In 2024, there are 106 National Parks in India, covering a total area of 44,378 square kilometers. These national parks play a crucial role in preserving the country’s diverse flora and fauna.

What is the name of the 105th National Park in India?

The 105th national park in India is named “Dehing Patkai National Park.

Which state has the highest number of national parks in India in 2024?

Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of national parks in India in 2024, showcasing its rich biodiversity and commitment to conservation.

What is the new name of Jim Corbett National Park in 2024?

In 2024, the Jim Corbett National Park has been renamed as the “Ramganga National Park.”

What are the 3 newest national parks in India?

The three newest national parks in India established in recent times are: Raimona National Park, Marine National Park, Dibru-Saikhowa National Park

Which is the smallest national park in India?

The South Button Island National Park in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands holds the distinction of being the smallest National Park in India.

Which state has the minimum number of national parks in India in 2024?

Punjab has the minimum number of national parks in India in 2024, reflecting its smaller geographical size compared to other states.

References:

Manoj Kumar

Manoj Kumar is an experienced SEO expert. Who has launched Trip Guru Go, a trusted website for travel destinations. Visit this site at www.tripgurugo.com, which is its URL. With over 11 years of experience as an SEO Manager. Manoj gives reliable information and insights by combining his knowledge with his love of travel. Through Trip Guru Go, Manoj World shares valuable details about various destinations. Which helps readers plan their adventurous trips with confidence. Trip Guru Go is your go-to source for information about places to visit. Follow them on social media and their blog to read their most recent posts and get helpful travel tips.

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